Compiling new image(customized kernel)

I’m using BSP 5.0. I want to create a new image that i customized it’s device tree for our carrier board and i’m moving on this guide. I followed all the instructions to create a custom image. However, i took some errors as below while compiling new image with bitbake. Why am i taking these errors?

bitbake custom-console-image
Loading cache: 100% |###########################################| Time: 0:00:03
Loaded 3914 entries from dependency cache.
Parsing recipes: 100% |#########################################| Time: 0:00:03
Parsing of 2755 .bb files complete (2746 cached, 9 parsed). 3921 targets, 247 skipped, 0 masked, 0 errors.
NOTE: Resolving any missing task queue dependencies

Build Configuration:
BB_VERSION           = "1.46.0"
BUILD_SYS            = "x86_64-linux"
NATIVELSBSTRING      = "universal"
TARGET_SYS           = "arm-tdx-linux-gnueabi"
MACHINE              = "colibri-imx6"
DISTRO               = "tdx-xwayland"
DISTRO_VERSION       = "5.7.1-devel-20221116071610+build.0"
TUNE_FEATURES        = "arm armv7a vfp thumb neon callconvention-hard"
TARGET_FPU           = "hard"
meta-toradex-nxp     = "HEAD:ee63c90fde9fde0229bff9ac1c5cffe356fc4f41"
meta-freescale       = "HEAD:3cb29cff92568ea835ef070490f185349d712837"
meta-freescale-3rdparty = "HEAD:c52f64973cd4043a5e8be1c7e29bb9690eb4c3e5"
meta-toradex-tegra   = "HEAD:f5753af4a5b9d33f0f474b320a74c2e29a66ec39"
meta-toradex-bsp-common = "HEAD:029a663150449a5e71b84dd4000476754d525c8c"
meta-python          = "HEAD:8ff12bfffcf0840d5518788a53d88d708ad3aae0"
meta-freescale-distro = "HEAD:5d882cdf079b3bde0bd9869ce3ca3db411acbf3b"
meta-toradex-demos   = "HEAD:ce3c1925df34b4d299b2dd1003ced41b9485ce41"
meta-qt5             = "HEAD:5ef3a0ffd3324937252790266e2b2e64d33ef34f"
meta-toradex-distro  = "HEAD:4cdeb8980411db8fc65655832a664bf80d93e534"
meta-poky            = "HEAD:7e0063a8546250c4c5b9454cfa89fff451a280ee"
meta                 = "HEAD:add860e1a69f848097bbc511137a62d5746e5019"
meta-customer        = "master:04d1f1240bbace8850638b5762996cabf145c16f"

Initialising tasks: 100% |######################################| Time: 0:00:04
Sstate summary: Wanted 214 Found 184 Missed 30 Current 1469 (85% match, 98% complete)
NOTE: Executing Tasks
ERROR: linux-toradex-5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0 do_compile: oe_runmake failed
ERROR: linux-toradex-5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0 do_compile: Execution of '/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/temp/run.do_compile.17827' failed with exit code 1
ERROR: Logfile of failure stored in: /home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/temp/log.do_compile.17827
Log data follows:
| DEBUG: Executing shell function do_compile
| NOTE: KBUILD_BUILD_TIMESTAMP: Thu Oct  6 12:58:20 UTC 2022
| NOTE: make -j 4 HOSTCC=gcc  -isystem/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/usr/include -O2 -pipe -L/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/usr/lib                         -L/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/lib                         -Wl,--enable-new-dtags                         -Wl,-rpath-link,/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/usr/lib                         -Wl,-rpath-link,/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/lib                         -Wl,-rpath,/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/usr/lib                         -Wl,-rpath,/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/lib                         -Wl,-O1 -Wl,--allow-shlib-undefined -Wl,--dynamic-linker=/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/sysroots-uninative/x86_64-linux/lib/ HOSTCPP=gcc  -E HOSTCXX=g++  -isystem/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/usr/include -O2 -pipe -L/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/usr/lib                         -L/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/lib                         -Wl,--enable-new-dtags                         -Wl,-rpath-link,/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/usr/lib                         -Wl,-rpath-link,/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/lib                         -Wl,-rpath,/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/usr/lib                         -Wl,-rpath,/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native/lib                         -Wl,-O1 -Wl,--allow-shlib-undefined -Wl,--dynamic-linker=/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/sysroots-uninative/x86_64-linux/lib/ zImage CC=arm-tdx-linux-gnueabi-gcc  -mno-thumb-interwork -marm -fuse-ld=bfd -fmacro-prefix-map=/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0=/usr/src/debug/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0                      -fdebug-prefix-map=/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0=/usr/src/debug/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0                      -fdebug-prefix-map=/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot=                      -fdebug-prefix-map=/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/recipe-sysroot-native=  -fdebug-prefix-map=/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work-shared/colibri-imx6/kernel-source=/usr/src/kernel   LD=arm-tdx-linux-gnueabi-ld.bfd   LOADADDR=0x11000000
| ***
| *** The source tree is not clean, please run 'make mrproper'
| *** in /home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work-shared/colibri-imx6/kernel-source
| ***
| /home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work-shared/colibri-imx6/kernel-source/Makefile:535: recipe for target 'outputmakefile' failed
| make[1]: *** [outputmakefile] Error 1
| /home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work-shared/colibri-imx6/kernel-source/Makefile:179: recipe for target 'sub-make' failed
| make: *** [sub-make] Error 2
| ERROR: oe_runmake failed
| WARNING: /home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/temp/run.do_compile.17827:1 exit 1 from 'exit 1'
| ERROR: Execution of '/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/tmp/work/colibri_imx6-tdx-linux-gnueabi/linux-toradex/5.4.193+gitAUTOINC+6e440a8fa4-r0/temp/run.do_compile.17827' failed with exit code 1
ERROR: Task (/home/oguzz/oe-core/build/../layers/meta-toradex-nxp/recipes-kernel/linux/ failed with exit code '1'
NOTE: Tasks Summary: Attempted 3869 tasks of which 3865 didn't need to be rerun and 1 failed.
NOTE: Writing buildhistory
NOTE: Writing buildhistory took: 4 seconds

Summary: 1 task failed:
Summary: There were 2 ERROR messages shown, returning a non-zero exit code.

Because you aren’t running a clean build. You ran some part of this build and have partial output files lying around. It tells you to run

make mrproper

to clean things up.

Don’t let anybody tell you that you can “just make a minor change and re-run” because that never works. Even when it succeeds what you end up with isn’t correct.

I use ~/yocto_work whenever I’m building. I create the following as ~/bin/nuke-yocto-build.

cd ~/yocto_work
rm -rf sstate-cache/

cd build-torizon/
rm -rf cache/
mkdir cache
rm -rf tmp
mkdir tmp
rm -rf buildhistory
mkdir buildhistory
rm -rf deploy
mkdir deploy

Since Ubuntu puts ~/bin in a user PATH variable if it finds it at boot/login I just have to have that file set to executable and before I try another build


In a VM on my HP Z820 with 128GB of RAM and 20 physical core and a 6TB WD Black for speedy I/O it takes about 3.5 hours to build from source.

IDE developers really need to steer clear of Yocto/Bitbake. This is not a universe where you can reliably do partial builds and get instant gratification. It’s more suited to old-timers who grew up submitting source compiles to a batch queue before lunch and waiting for operations to bring them a compiler listing some time prior to end of day.

There are no shortcuts with Yocto. You need a massive machine or a server farm to get clean build times down to a few hours. If you are using a quad-core i-7, do not be surprised if your build takes over 24 hours.

Free advice. Find something old like this on eBay or wherever you shop for used computers. At least 20 core and over 100GB of RAM. Load it with fast spinning disks and a USB 3.x add-in card. Use it for your Yocto work.

The short answer to your question is that you tried to do a partial build and that just never works.

The longer answer is you tried to do a partial build because you didn’t want to wait over half a day to see the results. I understand. This is one situation where you really do have to throw hardware at it.

Hi @ogusis01!

Is it possible that you manually performed some modifications on the kernel source instead of using Yocto to perform those changes?

Searching for this mrproper, I found this StackOverflow thread: bash - how to use "make mrproper " command? i am working on Linux From Scratch - Stack Overflow.

So, mrproper is related to cleaning up the current Linux Kernel configuration that you might have. Having in mind that seems like your problem is related to Linux Kernel’s configuration, I would try one of the following:

Running make mrproper

You should get into the Yocto devshell for the recipe you are build (linux-toradex, in your case) and manually run it:

$ bitbake -c devshell linux-toradex
$ make mrproper

Trying some of the already available tasks for virtual/kernel

Here, virtual/kernel is the same as linux-toradex recipe for downstream-based images in BSP 5 (set by distro tdx-xwayland), which is your case.

By using bitbake -c listtasks virtual/kernel, we get several available tasks to run. Among them, we have the task do_kernel_configme. You can try to run it and then try to build again:

$ bitbake -c kernel_configme virtual/kernel
$ bitbake virtual/kernel

Cleaning virtual/kernel

Yocto has 3 levels of cleaning by default for its recipes:

$ bitbake -c listtasks virtual/kernel | grep clean
do_clean                              Removes all output files for a target
do_cleanall                           Removes all output files, shared state cache, and downloaded source files for a target
do_cleansstate                        Removes all output files and shared state cache for a target

You can start trying with do_clean and test how it goes. After that, if the problem persists, you can try running do_cleansstate and test building the kernel again. Then, you can finally try running do_cleanall and finally build the kernel again. I see the do_cleanall as a kind of “last resource”.

Please, let us know if this helps you :slight_smile:

As a PS, I just wanted to comment on this part:

This is not my experience with Yocto. I perform small changes and rebuild packages or complete images on a daily basis with Yocto and I can say that things one of the following happens:

  • Things work
    • And I can actually check using Yocto/OpenEmbedded output and temporary files to check it
  • Something goes wrong. This can happen because:
    • I did something wrong
    • I had not enough knowledge/understanding on what/how I should have performed the modification.

When something goes wrong, I am usually able to build as many times as I need without the need to wipe out my Yocto cache. I am able to tweak, build, check the output, tweak again, clean some parts (when needed), and rebuild packages and images on Yocto dozens of times a day without the need to perform a “Yocto wide” wipe-out.

Please note that I am not saying that I never got frustrated by Yocto having to get back the ashes and perform a clean build. This would not be true at all. I have already made mistakes that were faster to solve by deleting all the cache and starting from zero. What I am saying is that this event is not the rule for me. Actually, it is far away from being the rule.

Best regards,

This is never a good thing. Yocto/Bitbake is not good at determining what does and does not need to be built. The higher level the change the more probably you will have a corrupted build.

Can you change a single .c file without changing any compiler options or yocto recipes and do a partial? Yes. Once you have to tweak a recipe it is very unwise to trust a partial build.

That has been my experience. Then again, I work in the medical device world and we trust nothing.

Hi @seasoned_geek !

What do you mean by “higher level” change? Could you elaborate? Or maybe give an example?

If it is needed, there is always the possibility to check what is going on by running the tasks and checking the temporary files. Although I understand that this is not scalable, doing so also helps to better understand Yocto’s mechanisms, which is very good know it well :slight_smile:

Best regards,